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Cannabis Infused Mojito Drink

Cannabis Infused Mojito Drink

As many of you now know cannabis edibles and infusions will be coming to an OCS store and other regulated dispensaries at the end of October. Well, that what we can only hope since October 2019 is the time in which edibles and cannabis infusions are set to become legal. While you wait for this day to come, check out this recipe for a nice relaxing THC infused mojito!

There are many ways to make Cannabis infused drinks. One of the most common ways is to make a cannabis rum infusions by infusing the TCH into alcohol. This can usually take weeks to complete, but there are ways to do it within only 48-72 hours.

NOTE: If mixing cannabis with alcohol, be very careful as too much cannabis can result in a very potent drink!

How To Make A Cannabis Infused Mojito

INGREDIENTS

  1. 1/8 OZ of Cannabis
  2. 1 Bottle of White Rum
  3. Lime
  4. 5 TBSP of Sugar
  5. Lots of Mint
  6. Crushed Ice
  7. Carbonated Water

LET’S GET STARTED

  1. Preheat you oven to 240 deg.f
  2. Wrap your cannabis up in tinfoil and place it in the oven for 20 min. This will begin the decarboxylate process.
  3. Remove the cannabis from the oven and then squeeze it into a cheesecloth. This needs to be able to fit into the bottle of rum.
  4. Let the bottle with the cannabis inside sit for a minimum of 24 hours. Your can let it sit for upto two weeks, which will increase the potency. If you do this make sure to burp the bottle every 10 hours.
  5. Grab yourself a glass. Squeeze half of a lime into the glass and then mix in the sugar.
  6. Add your crushed ice to the glass.
  7. Get a hand full of mint and clench it within your hand. This will help release the mint flavor. Place the mint in the glass.
  8. Stir in 1 oz. of the cannabis infused rum, and then top the glass off with some carbonated water.
  9. Give the glass a nice stir, insert a straw, take a sip and enjoy!

We hope that you enjoy your Cannabis Infused Mojito. If you have any questions about cannabis or cannabis grow systems, including LED grow lights, grow tents, or nutrients, we at Herb Guys are always happy to help.

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Cannabis Edibles

Cannabis Edibles Coming Soon To Ontario

The day most Canadian’s have been waiting for is now within sight. In just over 1 month, you will be able to legally obtain and consume cannabis edibles.

The day cannabis edibles and other cannabis infused products become legal is October 17, 2019. This will be in effect for all provinces within Canada.

OCTOBER 17, 2019 – EDIBLES DAY!

Although the October 17th date is confirmed, I would not expect to see products on the Ontario Cannabis Supply (OCS) website quite quick. From the looks of things the OCS is already having a hard enough time keeping up with dry cannabis.

However, we should not lose all hope. The OCS has been actively signing new supply agreements over the past few months. These supply requests have been published on the OCS website and have requested many new products such as vape pens, TCH and CBD oil extracts, along with baked cannabis goods.

The TCH and brownie infused products will at the earliest be stocked on shelves come December 2019. This is because of a rule that requires 60 days to advise Health Canada of their intent to sell…..even if selling to a Provincial body.

The Canadian cannabis market is growing rapidly. It is expected that the soon to be legal cannabis edibles will be worth big; approximately $1.6 billion annually.

Now we all know the limits of how much dry cannabis one can legally possess, but how about edibles and oil concentrates?

Health Canada has confirmed that the maximum amount of THC in edibles will be 10mg and 1,000mg in concentrates used in vape pens. Further, multi-pack edibles will be limited to 100 mg of THC per packet. Many have already criticized the limits on single serve edibles (10mg) and the multi-packs (100mg) as being too conservative. To the above, these concerns have been made prevalent in many online forums, and surprisingly by the Ontario Chamber of Commerce, stating that they would like to see single serve packs of edibles increased from 10mg to 100mg (max) of THC.

In light of the above, it seems that both the Provincial and Federal governments are moving in the right direction with regards to providing alternative types of cannabis products. It may also be due to the fact that the Canadian cannabis industry has become one of the largest in the world and is poised to generate billions of dollars on an annual bases.

For more information on cannabis infused edibles, please feel free to leave a comment below or head over to the Health Canada website by clicking HERE.

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Cannabis Edibles

Cannabis Edibles Are Coming to Ontario

In October 2018 cannabis became legal in Canada and each of its provinces. Although Cannabis is a federally regulated through licensing agreements, each Province would be responsible for the sale of cannabis and any related products. Further, Provinces would also be responsible for the establishment of retail storefronts, similar to liquor stores, as well as what products will be for sale.

Currently, the only cannabis products offered for sale in the province of Ontario is oil extracts, dry and fresh cannabis, and accessories such as pipes, rolling papers, etc. With that said, there are no purchasing options for baked goods (no pun intended), vapes, or other types of edibles. But, this is about to change.

In the past year there has been a large push for other types of cannabis products other than dry herb. The younger generations of cannabis users are not as fond of smoking, and would rather vape or consume their TCH through an edible or beverage…. I guess it’s the hip thing to do. But, I see the rationale. By consuming an edible or using a vape pen, there is no need to worry about smelling like cannabis or having your stash smell up your house.

Cannabis Edibles are Coming!

As of June 2019 the Ontario Cannabis Store (OCS) has put out a call (bidding opportunity) for new product categories, including edibles, beverages, topicals and other cannabis related extracts. This information can be found on the OCS website under the “doing business with the OCS” page. The OCS is currently asking licensed producers to identify their ability to supply new cannabis products for retail sale on the OCS website as well as within the currently approved retail storefronts scattered across the province.

Patrick Ford who is the president and CEO of the Ontario Cannabis Store stated that “This product call marks an important milestone in securing a broad variety of cannabis products that meet the preferences of Ontario consumers…”

Although there is no definitive time frame on when we may see edibles, vapes, or cannabis beverages in storefronts or on the OCS website, it is anticipated that this will be around the end of 2019 after the Canadian federal government approves the regulatory framework associated with this movement.

With that said we have already seen some BIG, companies move towards extraction services versus growing and cultivation. Two Canadian based companies that we have seen ramp up and heavily invest in THC oil extraction includes MediPharm Labs and Valen GrowWorks Corporation. Both of these companies are now industry leaders in cannabis and oil extraction services and are capable and have already signed many multi-million dollar agreements with the main industry leaders to extract hundreds of thousands of kilograms worth of oil on their behalf. Please note that some of our writers at Herb Guys may own stocks in the above referenced companies.

Cannabis Extraction Process

Traditionally smoking dry cannabis may be a thing of the past starting in 2020 when we begin to see cannabis edibles, concentrates/vapes, and drinks enter the cannabis retail market. It will be interesting to see how these types of products especially cannabis (THC) infused drinks affect the bar and nightlife scene, but, only time will tell. Either way, it is great to see that the Canadian cannabis industry is diversifying in the types of products that will be legally offered for sale.

Have some thoughts on cannabis edibles? We want to hear from you. Leave a comment in the section below to get the discussion rolling 😉

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Growing With Rockwool Plugs

Why We Love Rockwool Plugs

Why We Love Rockwool

Rockwool is one of favorite ways of growing anything. Rockwool originally started out in commercial growing applications, specifically with hydroponic growers. However, in recent years as home hydroponic and growing has become more popular we are seeing more and more people using Rockwool plugs.

So what is Rockwool?

Rockwool is exactly what it sounds like. Rockwool is made by taking molten rock/sand and spinning it, similar to when you make cotton candy. The end result is a dense wool like product that is inert, has no mineral, and is great at soaking up water and remaining saturated, but not too saturated.

Rockwool comes in a variety of sizes, ranging in small plugs perfect for starting seeds and propagating cuttings, all the way up large slabs which can be used for larger plants.

Why is Rockwool such a great product to use?

Rockwool is dummy proof and unlike using soil, Rockwool is almost impossible to over saturate thus increasing your chances of seed germination and reducing your chances of root rot.

Further to the above, Rockwool is super cheap and if you really wanted to you can even re-use your Rockwool plugs after your harvest.

The only downfall about Rockwool plugs is the need for frequent nutrient applications. Rockwool has no major nutrients in comparison to seed starting soil or potting mix which usually has slow releasing nutrients for up to 6 months.

How to use Rockwool

  1. Soak your Rockwool plugs for 10 to 20 min. Before you use your Rockwool plugs or slabs you will want to give them a good cleaning. This is not mandatory, but, is a good practice.
  2. Once your Rockwool plugs are cleaned place them in a hydroponic grow cup or in your growing bed. Note: I prefer to use expanded clay pellets for my growing bed.
  3. Insert your seeds or cuttings into your Rockwool plugs.
  4. Watering should be done every 4 hours, but this is dependent on the type of plants you are growing as well as other conditions such as temperature. The rule of thumb is to ensure that your grow beds water limit is slightly below the bottom of your Rockwool plug. This will ensure that the Rockwool does not wick water upwards and remain soaked 24/7.

If you choose not to grow hydroponically, you can also use your Rockwool plugs as seed and cutting starters. As long as you keep the Rockwool moist, you can fully root cuttings and start seeds. A few weeks after germination, you can place the plugs directly into a garden or soil filled container. The Rockwool is porous enough that the roots of your growing plants will slowly punch through it and into the soil.

If you ever grow lettuce you should use Rockwool plugs. You can thank us latter!  I have never had so much success growing lettuce until I stared using Rockwool plugs.

If you have any questions about this post or about using Rockwool growing products feel free to leave them in the comment section below.

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Choosing The Right Cannabis Grow Medium

If you want higher yielding plants, one thing often overlooked is the type and quality of your grow medium. Choosing the right type of grow medium can have a huge effect on the health of your plants and their yields. In this article we are going to go over some great grow medium options that are both cost effective, and work very well for all plat types.

Coco Coir

Coco coir is a very common type of grow medium used for multiple types of growing applications. Coco coir is an organic and inert grow medium that is created from coconut husks. The ground coconut husks is great at retaining the perfect amount of moisture and can be used to grow establish plants, plants from cutting, and plants from seeds.

Coco coir can be used for hydroponics but is not the best option as the small fibers can clog your pumps. Coco coir is best suited for standard soil planting. What we recommend is planting your plants within the coco coir and then placing it within a well-draining soil and perlite mixture.

Rockwool

Rockwool has become more widely used over the past few years, and is an amazing grow medium that can be used for hydroponic growing and soil growing methods. Rockwool is made from rock. More specifically, Rockwool is made by taking molten silica based rock and spinning it. This is a rock version of cotton candy.

Rockwool is great because it is inert, it is strong, and it is very porous. These are all characteristics that you want in a great grow medium.

Rockwool comes in a variety of sizes and is reality cheap to purchase. Most growers will use the 1 inch Rockwool cubes for starting seeds, and larger cubes for cuttings and transplants.

Unlike coco coir, Rockwool can be used in hydroponic grow setups without the worry of damaging your pumps. Rockwool is best suited for flood and drain and drip hydroponics.

Expanded Clay

Expanded clay is another popular grow medium. This is very popular and can be used to grow almost anything. Expanded clay grow medium is comprised of small clay balls/pebbles that have been fired up in a kiln. The end result is a porous and light weight ball that sums up to be a great grow medium.

Expanded clay is best suited for use in expandable drip systems and deep water hydroponic systems. A great characteristic of expanded clay is that it is inert, and pH neutral. Expandable clay pellets can also be used in tandem with traditional soil growing methods. If you are growing in soil pots, simply cover the top of the pot with expanded clay pellets. The clay pellets will help retain moisture in the soil and prevent unnecessary water evaporation.

The above grow medium options are all great in their own way. If you have questions about our products, or need help with your grow setup, we are always happy to chat. Our team of grow experts can help you with any questions that you may have. Growing can be difficult, let us help!

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Cannabis Terpenes - Terpenez - Herb Guys

Terpenez Terpene Booster and Oil Intensifier

When growing cannabis for medical or recreational use, a vital, yet frequently overlooked growing additive is  Terpenes. In this article we are going to be providing an overview of a new terpenes additive created by Zelda Horticulture called Terpenez Terpene Booster and Oil Intensifier.

What are Terpenes?

Terpenes (terpenoids) are aromatic metabolites that are found in almost all plants. Terpenes are primarily found in plant oils. Notwithstanding plants such as tomatoes, mangos, strawberries, etc, there are over 100 different types of terpenes produced by cannabis plants.

In simplest terms, terpenes give your plants flavour and smell. When growing different strains of cannabis, the concentrate of terpenes is what produces the distinct smell and flavor between different strains.

Higher concentrate of terpenes = better smell

Terpenes Effect on THC and CBD

Several studies have found that terpenes have a direct correlation with how cannabinoids such as THC and CBD pass through one’s body. The concentration of terpenes found within a cannabis plant works to either increase or decrease the effects of the CBD and THC cannabinoids. When the amount of cannabinoids and terpenes is balanced within a plant, you will notice a stronger effect and an overall better end-user effect.

4 Common Terpenes in Cannabis

Pinene (pine): Pinene is the most common terpene found in cannabis plants. This type of terpene has anti-inflammatory properties, and is it also found in orange peels, pine needles, basil, and parsley.

Myrcene (earthy, musky, fruity): The Myrcene terpene is often found in mangoes, thyme, lemongrass, and basil, and like the Pinene terpene, it is also one of the most commonly found terpenes in cannabis. The Myrcene terpene can compose up to 50 percent of a cannabis plant’s terpenes, and it is very common in indica strains.

Limonene (citrus): The Limonene terpene is characterized by hints of lemons, oranges, mandarins, limes, and grapefruits, just like its name suggests. The Limonene terpene has been shown to elevate mood, and relieve stress.

Common Cannabis Terpenes - Terpenez - Herb Guys

Terpenez Booster and Oil Intensifier

Terpenez is formulated from all organic matter and is designed to assist the plant with the processes associated with oil and resin production during a plants growth stages. The producer of Terpenez is a company called Solis Tek, a distinguished manufacture of growing systems including grow lights and nutrients.

What we like most about the Terpenez product is its all natural formulation. Terpenez has been formulated as a 0-0-0- product, which means that Terpenez is free of nitrogen, phosphate, and potassium. This is great because when using Terpenez you don’t have to worry about it disrupting your pH balance soil or grow solution.

In addition to producing better smelling profiles and healthier cannabis plants and flowers, the Terpenez oil infuser product is also:

  • All natural
  • Vegan Compliant
  • Can be used up to finish with positive results
  • Can be replace your existing flushing agent
  • Able to increase systemic pest resistance
  • Able to increase cannabinoid production
  • Able to decrease fungal pathogens and root borne diseases

How to Use Terpenez Booster and Oil Intensifier

When using Terpenez Terpene Booster and Oil Intensifier you can rest assure you will only increase oil and resin production, without stressing out your plant, no matter how you decide to administer. Terpenez is very easy to use and can be used throughout the grow cycle; however, most people use it as a flush prior to harvesting.

Use 1 -2ml per litre throughout the flower cycle, ideal pH range: 5.8 – 6.4

During the flush use at 2 – 3ml per litre – ideal pH range: 5.6 – 6.2

Final Thoughts

Overall, Terpenez Terpene Booster and Oil Intensifier is one of our most favorite up and coming products. It can be used by commercial growers and at home growers alike. Terpenez will result in an increase in the essential oil production of your plants, and should be part of everyone’s growing regiment. It is safe to assume that your priority is to grow cannabis that smells and tastes great, using Terpenez is a great way to achieve outstanding result in a cost effective and easy way.

To learn more about the Terpenez Terpene Booster and Oil Intensifier, click here.

If you have any questions or require assistance with any of your growing projects, we would love to hear from you. Feel free to leave us a comment in the comment section below or get in touch with us by clicking here.

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Mars Hydro Eco 300 (ECO 49) Review

As we all know Mars Hydro is one of the leaders in the grow light industry. They have some of the best products that we have ever tested and this is why we at Herb Guys stands behind all Mars Hydro products.

For those of you who are new to growing you may already know about the Mars 300W grow light. This is probably the most talked about Mars Hydro full spectrum LED grow light on the market. Not only is this light great for growing in areas smaller than 3ft by 3ft, but it is also very affordable (around $150.00 CAD).

In recent months, Mars Hydro has unveiled a new full spectrum LED grow light that we are super excited about. This is the new Mars Hydro ECO 300 , or otherwise known as the Mars Hydro ECO 300 (Eco 49).

The Mars Eco 49 is a full spectrum grow light similar to its predecessor the Mars 300W. Notwithstanding, the all new Eco 49 was built for power efficiency. The Eco 49 is a full spectrum grow light that is meant for indoor growing. The Eco 49 weighs approximately 5 lbs and has a max area coverage of 3.5 by 3.5 feet.

Unlike other grow lights, the Eco 49 does not require a typical LED ballast and produces very little heat. Less heat means you can place the grow light closer to your plant canopy without the worry of burning or damaging the plant from heat.

What’s included in the package:

When you purchase the ECO 49 everything comes in a discrete cardboard package. Inside each package is the following:

  1. Mars Hydro ECO 49
  2. Power supply
  3. Hanging kit; and
  4. Warranty card and user manual

Mars Hydro Eco 49 Review 1

Key Features

Low Noise: The Mars Hydro ECO 300 (Eco 49) has a powerful yet efficient cooling fan. The fan is much quieter compared to other lights and has a minimal power draw. By increasing the size of the internal heat sink within the Mars ECO 49, the fan does not have to work as hard and the life of the light is increased. Notwithstanding the above, the Mars ECO 49 also has slotted edges, which allows for air circulation and overall better cooling.

Minimal Heat: The Mars ECO 49 produced far less heat than its predecessor. Excess heat not only places strain on your light, but also has an impact on your plants. With the Mars ECO 49 less heat means you can place the light closer to the plant canopy which results in better growth during the germination and early stages of your plants life.

Daisy Chain: The Mars ECO 49 includes a built in power socket for the ability to daisy chain multiple lights in one series. This is a great feature that will allow you to expand your grow light setup without having to plug each light into a power supply. With the Mars ECO 49 ten lights can be used together at one time.

Mars Hydro Eco 49 Review 2

SMD Chip and Lens Upgrade: One of the best features and upgrades of the new Mars ECO 49 versus the former Mars 300W and other budget full spectrum grow lights are the new LED’s used in the ECO 49. The new ECO 49 uses an SMD chip and a thinner lens. The combination of these two features allow for brighter LEDs and a a wider angle of light, all of which allows for more efficient growing and higher quality plant yields.

Mars Hydro Eco 49 Review 3

The Mars Hydro ECO 300 (ECO 49) is an excellent full spectrum LED grow light. The ECO 49 is easy to use, power efficient, and is a great light for a very reasonable price. The Mars ECO 49 can be used to grow plants in a grow box, a tent or for hydroponic systems.

If you order the Mars Hydro ECO 300 from Herb Guys, each light comes with a 1 year warranty from Mars Hydro and Herb Guys offers free shipping anywhere within Canada.

 

 

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Yellowing Cannabis Leaves

Yellowing Cannabis Plant Leaves: The Cause and the Fix

When you work so hard to grow your Cannabis plants there is nothing more devastating than watching them slowly wither away until they are dead. One of the most common complaints that we hear about is the yellowing of Cannabis plant leaves, and even sometimes parts of the plant stock. When yellowing is observed, there are many things that can cause this problem, and in this article we are going to explain to you how to prevent plant yellowing.

Moisture Stress

The most common issue that we see with cannabis home growers is over watering and under watering. Finding the right amount of water for your cannabis plants is a large balancing act. If your plant is yellowing, the first thing you should do is check your soil moisture level. You can do this by poking a 1in deep hole with your finger to see if the soil is damp, or by using a soil moisture reader. We recommend using a moisture reader, as they are accurate and can be found for less than 10$.

To prevent over watering and possible root rot, you should use a highly permeable soil as well as a collection dish below the pot. Over watering will cause the roots to rot or the plant to uptake too much moisture which will bloat the leaves and cause undue stress leading to yellowing.

Tip: Once the soil is dry to the touch wait 1 more day and then give your plants a deep water. Once the water pours out of the bottom of the pot, don’t water until the soil is completely dry again. This will help support strong and hardy roots.

Temperature & Light

Temperature and light can also cause yellowing cannabis plant leaves. Firstly, light is an essential pillar to growing a healthy cannabis plant. Plants grow through photosynthesis and low light will result in poor growth. When it comes down to lighting, you will want to aim for more light during the initial growth stage, and then slowly reduce the amount of light intake at the flowering/bloom stage. HPS and Full Spectrum LED Lights are always optimal for fast and health plant growth. To check out some great deals on Mars Hydro Full Spectrum Lights click HERE.

Growth Stage = 16 to 18 hours of continuous light.

Blooming & Budding Stages = 9 to 12 hours of light.

Further to the above, temperature can also cause yellowing in plants. When it is too hot or too cold leaves may change color and eventually turn brown and yellow. Typically, when leaves are yellowing, this is attributed to colder temperatures.

“Ensure that your plants are away from vents and cold drafts.”

Seeding Temperature = 20-25 Degrees Celsius

Seeding Humidity = 65 to 70%

Flowering Temperature = 18-24 Degrees Celsius

Flowering Humidity = 30 to 40%

Nutrition

Lastly, yellowing of your plants may also be caused by nutritional issues. Just like humans, plants also need nutrients. Nutrient deficiencies are often confirmed when the leaves are yellow, but the veins on the leaves are still green.

Many people think that adding more nutrients and especially fertilizer will make plants grow faster. This is not true and often leads to yellowing and the burning of leaves.

The most important thing for your plants is a balance in nutrition. Always follow the manufacture recommendations and do not exceed these requirements. When in doubt, always use less.

If you want well balanced nutrition for your cannabis plants check out the Terpenez Oil Intensifier. In addition to helping your plants grow better, the results from Terpenez is impressive. The flowers will be noticeably larger look healthier with Terpenez, along with a nice aroma.

To lean more about our Terpenez products, click HERE.

If you liked this article please feel free to share it with your friends. If you have any questions or need help with your plants, leave us a comments in the section below and we would be happy to help you out.

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Hydroponic Cannabis

Understanding The Basics of Hydroponics

What is Hydroponics

Getting started with hydroponic growing can be very confusing and a bit overwhelming, but worry no more, in this article we are going to provide you with a simple break down of the most common hydroponic grow set-ups and how to ensure optimal plant growth.

In short, hydroponics is the grow practice of growing plants using only water. That’s right, no soil needed! Although hydroponics does not require soil, you will require a growing medium which we will speak about in the later portion of this article.

When utilizing a hydroponic grow system, the concept and process is fairly simple. A bare root plant is placed within a growing medium (a protective casing) and water is either dripped over top or flowing below the root system. The continual flow of oxygenated water allows the plant to grow at a much faster pace without the need to worry about root rot, which is often caused by stagnant and stale water. In addition to the above, hydroponic grows also have the ability to precisely control the amount of nutrients the plant obtains. This is usually done through mixing nutrients or fertilizers into the grow systems water reservoir.

The Benefits of Hydroponics

Some may wonder what the benefits of growing hydroponically versus a more common soil based grow. Simply put, growing hydroponically can be more efficient, will result in faster harvest, and can be done so year round as growing outdoors is not required.

With hydroponic growing, it is not uncommon to notice at least 20% faster plant growth and 25% higher yields.

Contrary to the above, there are also some negatives associated with hydroponic growing. This includes:

  1. Higher set-up costs; and
  2. Maintenance of mechanical components (if required)

In our view, even with a very simple hydroponic set-up, the benefits far surpass traditional growing (soil grow) methods.

There are many types of hydroponic grow set-up’s. However, our favorites and the easiest to set-up and maintain include the following:

  1. Wick systems;
  2. Drip systems; and
  3. Deep water culture systems

Hydroponic Wick Systems

A hydroponic wick system is a very simple and straight forward concept, but it can be problematic under certain conditions. A wick system has been used in the agricultural industry for quite some time, and requires no mechanical components or power to run. That’s why this system is popular among hydroponic hobbyists and beginners.

The wick system uses an absorbent material such as a rope or felt which is strewn between the plant and the water reservoir located below the plant. In ordered for this method to work, the wick must be able to pull water upwards and into the plants root system. The plant should be encased within a growing medium which also acts as a sponge and ensures that the root system never dries out.

A great growing medium includes clay pellets, coconut coir, and Rockwool.

Wick System Pros:

  • Great for smaller plants that don’t require lots of water
  • Hands off and low maintenance
  • Great for hydroponic beginners

Wick System Cons:

  • Not the greatest for larger plants or plants that require lots of water (lettuce/green onion etc.)

Drip System

Hydroponic drip systems are amazing…… when you know what you are doing. The drip system is a very simple concept that does not require much work or money too setup. These types of systems are most prevalent in commercial growing.

Just like its name, a drip system works by slowly dripping water over a planting medium which in turn provide moisture to the plants root system. A drip system includes a reservoir that is filled with water and nutrients, and a pump/hose which provides the water to the plants.

The tricky part about operating a drip system is finding the perfect water balance (water frequency and drip rate). This usually involves a lot of trial and error as well as a pump timer which will assist you in controlling the frequency of watering.

“1 minute on and 10 minutes off”

Benefits of Drip Systems

  • High level of control over feeding and watering schedule
  • Relatively cheap

Downsides of Drip Systems

  • May be overkill for a smaller garden
  • Hard to dial in

Deep Water Culture System

Hydroponic growing using the deep water culture system is one of the easiest things to do. In simple terms the deep water culture system uses a reservoir to hold water and nutrients. The solution is aerated using a bubbler and the roots of the plants are suspended in the solution. This allows the plats to get a continuous water supply as well as nutrients and oxygen. Because the nutrient solution is oxygenated, root rot does not become a problem.

Like almost all hydroponic systems, the deep water culture system does not require any soil. Plants are bare root and are suspended in a growing medium. This includes foam board, rock wool, or clay pellets.

Deep Water Culture Pros:

  1. Very inexpensive and easy to make at home
  2. Extremely low-maintenance

Deep Water Culture Cons:

  1. Does not work well for large plants
  2. Does not work well for plants with long growing period
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Ontario’s Retail Cannabis Lottery – Its Almost Time!

The province of Ontario has announced the first 25 companies that can now legal apply for a retail licence to sell recreational cannabis in the province. This is a pivotal time in Ontario’s history and will also be a great case study to see how cannabis retail stores operate and whether they will have a positive impact or negative impact.

Although recreational cannabis consumption is now legal (with conditions) in Ontario and other provinces in Canada, the Ontario government has opted to only release 25 retail licences. The Ontario government will continue to operate the OCS Ontario Cannabis Store as their own retail platform.

With that said the Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario is in charge of issuing retail licences and was also in charge of the retail cannabis retail store lottery. The agency received more the 18,000 application from prospective retail store companies. Of those, nearly 50% of the applicants were sole proprietors, while only a third of the applicants were corporations.

The Criteria

If you were one of the lucky one to receive approval to apply for a retail cannabis licence there are still some large issues that you must sort out.

Those selected have 5 business days to submit their applications along with a non-refundable $6,000 application fee and a hefty non-refundable $50,000 letter of credit.

If an Applicant is selected in the lottery the AGCO will apply its full due diligence process to determine if the Applicant will carry on business in accordance with the law, and with integrity, honesty, and in the public interest. This may prove very difficult with respect to zoning matter under the jurisdiction of local Municipalities.

“Opening a Retail Store by April 1, 2019 is Required”

If an applicant cannot find a suitable retail store location and be up and running by April 1, 2019 they risk losing their licence as well as their $50,000 letter of credit. The amount to be lost from the letter of credit will be up to the Registrar, and will be addressed on a case by case basis.

As noted above, a big issue for retailers will be seen at the local level. Although one may have an licence to operate (in part) they can only operate a retail store if they find a location that is in compliance with local land use provisions (Zoning By-law).

In simple terms, the Zoning By-law as directed by our Official Plans and other Provincial Policy will dictate where retail stores can be located. Where compliance to Zoning By-laws are in question, applicants may be required to amend such By-laws to permit their use, which may hinder them from operation by the April 1st deadline.

Although there are some hurdles to jump through, anyone who has received 1 of the 25 licences are very lucky. Until such time that the provincial government decided to release additional licences, these operators will have a huge “on the ground” cannabis monopoly for the legal purchase of such goods.

At this time it is premature to speculate on how the cannabis retail stores will fair out and whether or not they will have any adverse impacts. Time will only tell.

We would like to hear what you think. Leave us a reply in the comment section below!

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